Acknowledging that a previous law did not go far enough, Defense Department proposes new rules to protect service members from high-cost lenders.
The Department of Defense released proposed rules today targeting the practices of a broad range of high-cost lenders and prohibiting them from charging service members interest rates over 36 percent.
The new rules would overhaul the Military Lending Act, which, when enacted in 2007, narrowly defined potentially abusive loans. But as ProPublica and Marketplace reported last year, high-cost lenders easily circumvented the law by offering longer-term loans. As a result, those pitching payday, auto-title, and installment loans continued to peddle credit from stores lining the streets near military bases.
The new rules would have a substantial impact. A Defense Department survey earlier this year found that 11 percent of service members reported taking out a loan with interest above 36 percent in the past year. The survey also found service members were a prime target for such lending: generally young, not financially savvy and often stretched by trying to support a family on a tight budget.
In our story last year, we focused on the case of one Marine who, in order to borrow $1,600, agreed to pay back $17,228 to an auto-title lender over two and a half years— a loan at 400 percent interest. When he could not keep up the payments, his car was repossessed. Under the new rules, it would be illegal for payday and auto-title lenders to make such longer-term loans at steep rates.
The new rules would also restrict installment lenders, who aren’t covered at all by the current law. Because of the law’s exclusive focus on short-term credit, installment lenders have been free to charge service members interest rates far above 36 percent, as well as lard loans with nearly useless insurance products that serve mainly to boost the cost.
Installment lenders, whose loans typically extend for five months and longer, often provide loans to service members. World Finance— one of the country’s largest installment lenders and the subject of an investigation by ProPublica and Marketplace— said last year that about 5 percent of its loans, or approximately 40,000, were made to service members or their families.